解读|《中共中间办公厅 国务院办公厅对于周全增强和改良新期间学校美育使命的定见》

  keri,zhonggongzhongjianbangongting、guowuyuanbangongtingyinfale《duiyuzhouquanzengqianghegailiangxinqijianxuexiaomeiyushimingdedingjian》(yixiajiancheng《dingjian》),jiuzhouquanguanchedangdejiaodaofangzhen,zengqianghegailiangxinqijianxuexiaomeiyushimingtingzhiletixishexianghezhouquanzhipei。jiaodaobuyouguandanrenrenjiuxianggantimuhuifulejizhefawen。

  1.wen: qingxianrongyixia《dingjian》chutaidebeijing。

  da: meiyushidangdejiaodaofangzhendeshouyaogouchengjubu。xuexiaomeiyushimingshishudeshuren、peigenzhuhundeqiji。dangdeshibadayilai,yixijinpingtongdaoweijiaodiandedangzhongjiangaoduzhengshixuexiaomeiyushiming,baxuexiaomeiyushimingbaizaijiabeituqiweizhi,zuochuyixilieyanzhongjueyidasuanzhipei。2013niandangdeshibajiesanzhongquanhuitichu“gailiangmeiyujiangshou,jinbuxianshengshenmeiherenwensuyang”,2015nianguowuyuanbangongtingyinfa《duiyuzhouquanzengqianghegailiangxuexiaomeiyushimingdedingjian》,2018nian8yuexijinpingzongbugaojizhongjianmeiyuan8weilaochuanshoufushu,2018nian9yuexijinpingzongbugaozaitianxiajiaodaodahuishangduimeiyushimingzuochushouyaosuoshi,2019nian3yuetianxia“lianghui”qijian,xijinpingzongbugaotanwangwenyijieshekejieweiyuanshi,duiwenmingwenyishimingyoutichumingbaiqingqiu,2020nian9yue22ri,xijinpingzongbugaozaijiaodaowenmingweishengtiyufanchouzhuanjiadaibiaomantanhuishang,zaicikuadazengqianghegailiangxuexiaomeiyu。xuexiaomeiyubixubushizengqiangyixijinpingxinqijianzhongguotedianshehuizhuyisiweiweizhidian,jinshengsiweizifa、zhengzhizifa、bulvzifa,yudangzhongjianguowuyuandeqingqiutongxiangtongye,yubiancebenzhijiaodaodeqingqiutongxiangtongye,yuxianshengzhouquanchengzhangdehuojiqingqiutongxiangtongye。

  jiyushangshubeijing,《dingjian》chutai,shouyaoshishixianyixialianggefangmiandefangzhen:

  yishizengqiangdingcengshexiang,yixijinpingxinqijianzhongguotedianshehuizhuyisiweiguanxiaxuexiaomeiyudingxinchengzhang。duibiaoxijinpingzongbugaoshouyaofayanhetianxiajiaodaodahuijingli,conggenggaozhanweidongshen,duixuexiaomeiyushimingtingzhizaishuxi、zaishenru、zaishexiang、zaibiance,jinyibuqianghuaxuexiaomeiyuyurengongxiao,goujiandezhitimeilaozhouquanpeiyudejiaodaotixi。mingbaixinqijianxuexiaomeiyuweishenmezuo、zuoshenme、zenyangzuo,jinyibutuxianmeiyudedaijiagongxiao,jinyibuwanmeimeiyudetixishexiang,jinyibutuozhanmeiyudeshixingtujing,jinyibuqianghuameiyudegouzaobaozheng。

  ershijujiaotuqitimu,mingbaidingxinchengzhangdezhongdianshiming,biancexinqijianxuexiaomeiyumaishangxintaijie。dangdeshibadayilai,xuexiaomeiyushixianleyuyueshichengzhang,huodelehanqingxingchengji。danzhengtishangkan,meiyuyiranshiquanbujiaodaoqijizhongderuanruoguanjian,xuexiaomeiyuzaidingxinchengzhangzhongbiaoxianchulesangebushunying: xuexiaomeiyuyubenzhijiaodaodeqingqiuhaibuxiangshunying;yubiancejiaodaogudaihuadeqingqiuhaibuxiangshunying;yuzhouquanshixianxiaokangshehuihelianggebainianfangzhenhaibuxiangshunying。shiyi,biyaozhaozhunchongpokouheluojiaodian,lituzaikechengjiangshou、jiaoyuanbudui、qiantigailiang、pinggujizhidengfangmianxianyoushimingdedizishang,tichujinyibudedingxinbulv。

  2.wen: ruohejingquebawo《dingjian》duixinqijianxuexiaomeiyushimingdezhengtiqingqiu。

  da: 《dingjian》duixinqijianxuexiaomeiyushimingdezhengtiqingqiushouyaobiaoxianzaiyixiasigefangmian:

  yishikuadashouyaoyisi。kuadameishichunzhengpinde、fengshuojinglideshouyaoyuanquan,congshenmeijiaodao、qingcaojiaodao、xinlingjiaodao、fengshuoshexianglihepeiyuliyirenshidejiaodaosigeweidujinyibukuadameiyudedaijiagongxiao。

  ershimingbaizhidiansiwei。mingbaiyishudeshubaochoudizi,yishehuizhuyijiaodiandaijiaguanweiyinling,yijinbuxianshengshenmeiherenwensuyangweifangzhen,hongyangzhonghualiyujingli,yimeiyuren、yichouhuaren、yimeipeiyuan,bameiyuguiruxuexiaorencaipeiyuquanjincheng,guanchuanxuexiaojiaodaogexueduan。

  sanshichenglishimingzhunsheng。《dingjian》chenglilemeiyushimingduizhisanxiangzhunsheng: “duizhizhunquebiaodemude”——yinlingxianshengchenglizhunquedehanqingguan、minzuguan、guoduguan、wenmingguan,xuntaogaoguiqingcao,suzaomeihaoyiling,zengqiangwenmingziao。“duizhimianxiangquanbu”——jianzhouquanxiangdajiadexuexiaomeiyuyurenjizhi,jianshaochengxiangchayihexiaojichayi,rangyiqiezaixiaoxianshengdouxiangyoujieguanmeiyudejiyu。“duizhidingxinliyi”——zhouquanshenruxuexiaomeiyuzonghedingxin,gouchengbumanhuoqi、duofangxiezuo、kaifanggaoxiaodexuexiaomeiyuxinkuanshi。

  sishikendingshouyaofangzhen。genju2022nianhe2035nianlianggeshouyaoshihoujiediantichufangzhenqingqiu。dao2022nian,xuexiaomeiyuhuodechongpoxingtingdun,yurenxiaoguomingxianzengqiang。dao2035niangenjishixianshehuizhuyigudaihuashi,xuexiaomeiyugenjigouchengquanlonggai、duoyanghua、gaopinzhidejubeizhongguotediandegudaihuaxuexiaomeiyutixi。

  3.wen: 《dingjian》tidaoleronghuidelinian,xiangxidaoxuexiaomeiyukechengshangruoheshixing,younaxiexiangyingdebulv。

  da: zengqiangmeiyudeshenruyuronghui,xuexiaomeiyukechengjiansheshizhongdian。《dingjian》laolaozhuozhukechengzheiyiguanjianyinsuheguanjian,zaisigefangmiantichushixinggousi:

  yishixuekeronghui,zengqiangmeiyuyudeyu、zhiyu、tiyu、xiuxijiaodaoxiangronghui,chongshifajuegexuekesuobaohandefengshuomeiyuziben,wujizhenghexiangganxuekedemeiyuneirong,biancekechengjiangshou、shehuililunhexiaoyuanwenmingjiansheshenduronghui,gouchengxietongyurenkuanshi。

  ershixueduangenwei,wanmeimeiyukechengshezhi,kuadaxuexiaomeiyukechengyaoyiyishukechengweizhuti,baohanyinle、meishu、shufa、tiaowu、xiju、xiqu、yingshidengkecheng,fenxueduanyoupianzhongdidasuanmeiyukechengshezhi,bicizhaoying、youyongpeihe,goujiandazhongxiaoyoubicigenweidemeiyukechengtixi。

  sanshifangzhenzhenghe,tuxianyishuxuekedaijiayutedian,mingbaimeiyukechengyaopeiyudejiaodiansuyang,zhongshizhunquedaijiaguan、bibeifengzhiheguanjiancainengdengduoweiyurenfangzhendezhenghe,yushudeshurendezhengtiqingqiuyouyongduijie,mingbaixueqianjiaodao、shimingjiaodao、tongsugaozhong、zhiyejiaodao、gaodangjiaodaodenggejigezhongxuexiaomeiyukechengdefangzhen。

  sishijiangyiguanchuan,zengqiangmeiyujiangyitixijianshe,duizhimakesizhuyizhidianweizhi,zhagenzhongguo、rongtongzhongwai,tuxianzhonghualiyujingli,huanraokechengfangzhen,jingxuanjiangshousucai,fengshuojiangshouziben,zengzhuangdazhongxiaoxuemeiyujiangyiyitihuajianshe,shixianzhuxianguanchuan、anbujiuban。

  4.wen: 《dingjian》zaishenrujiangshoudingxinfangmian,tichulenaxiexinbulv。

  da: 《dingjian》huanraoxuexiaomeiyujiangshou,tichuwugefangmiandexiangxidingxinbulv。

  yishikaiqikaizushanghaomeiyuke。kuadayaoyankuluoshiguoduhuadingdemeiyukechengkaishegangxingqingqiu,zailuoshi“kaiqikaizu”zheigedixianqingqiudedizishangmanmanshixian“shanghao”defangzhen,bushituokuankechengfanchou,manmanzengtiankeshi,fengshuokechengneirong,jinbumeiyujiangshoupinzhi。

  ershigoujianyixianshengchengzhangweizhongjiandejiangshouxingshi。manmanwanmei“yishudizichangshigenjimiaoji+yishushenmeixiuhui+yishuzhuanxiangnashou”dejiangshouxingshi。kuadazaixianshengbawobiyaodizichangshihegenjimiaojidedizishang,chulijinshengjiaodiansuyang,zanzhuxianshenggouchengyishuzhuanxiangnashou。

  sanshijinbumianxiangdajiademeiyulilungoudang。mianxiangdajia,chenglichangtaihuaxianshengquanyuanyishuzhanyanjizhi,dinglituixinghuijiquanbuxianshengdeduchang、duzou、gerenwu、jiangyiju、yishulilunshimingfanghebowuguan、feiyizhanxianchuanxichanghexiuhuijinxiudenglilungoudang。

  sishibiancemeiyupinggudingxin。kuadabazhongxiaoxianshengjinxiuyinle、meishu、shufadengyishuleikechenghedaochangxuexiaogouzaodeyishulilungoudanghuanjingguiruxueyeqingqiu,zhouquanshixingzhongxiaoxianshengyishubenzhiceping,mosuojiangyishuleikemuguiruzhongkaodingxinshidian。

  wushizengjingaoxiaoyishuxuekeliyichengzhang。kuadajinyibuyouhuaxuekezhuanyedasuan,goujianduoyuanhua、tedianhua、gaochengdu,jubeizhongguotediandeyishuxuekezhuanyetixi,jinbuyishurencaipeiyucaineng。

  5.wen: bazhongxiaoxianshengjinxiuyinle、meishu、shufadengyishuleikechenghedaochangxuexiaogouzaodeyishulilungoudanghuanjingguiruxueyeqingqiu,ruxuzuohuibuhuizengtianxianshengchengdang?

  da: duiyuzheigetimu,biyaobianzhengdikan。

  qishou,yishuleikechengjinxiujililunshixianshengyingdangchengdangdexueyezeren,shibuyingdangbeijianshangqudechengdang。guodubanfade《shimingjiaodaoyinlekechengbiaozhun》《shimingjiaodaomeishukechengbiaozhun》《shimingjiaodaoyishukechengbiaozhun》《tongsugaozhongyinlekechengbiaozhun》《tongsugaozhongmeishukechengbiaozhun》《tongsugaozhongyishukechengbiaozhun》duizhongxiaoxianshengyishuleikechengjinxiuyouzhemingbaidexueyeqingqiu,shixianshengbibiyaochengdangdexueyezeren。

  qici,yishuleikechengjinxiujililunguiruxueyeqingqiu,youzhuyuxianshengdezhitimeilaozhouquanchengzhang。yixiechusuohexuexiaozhongzhiyuqingtiyu、meiyu、xiuxijiaodao,danfangmianxunqiushengxuelv,gaotihaizhanshu、jiqishuati、chaobiaochaoqianjiangshoudeng,gouchengxianshengtaizhongchengdang。yingjianhuoyuehuoyuedejinxiukongqi,zengjinxianshengshenxinankang、zhouquanchengzhang,qiahaobiyaozengqiangyishuleikechengjinxiujililun,gaibiandanfangmianxunqiushengxuelvdemaobingzuofa。

  zuichu,zhengcekuadaxuexiaozerenluoshi,fangzhipeixunjigougonglihuadechaozuo。wenjianjiangyishufangmiandexueyeqingqiuyankuxianzhiyucanyuguoduhuadingdeyinle、meishu、shufadengyishuleikechengjinxiu,hecanyuxuexiaogouzaodeyishulilungoudang,“kao”dedoushixuexiao“jiao”deneirong,xianshenggenjuqingqiuyibancanyuxuexiaoyishuleikechengjiyishulilungoudang,biannenggoushixianxueyeqingqiu,yuxiaowaipeixunneirongyouguan。

  6.wen: 《dingjian》duizengqiangmeiyushizibuduijianshe,tichulenaxiexinbanfa?

  da: zhengtikan,xuexiaomeiyudeshiziqiliyanxuzengtian。julilaijiang,tianxiashimingjiaodaojieduanmeiyujiaoyuanrenshuyou2009niande49wanrenzengtiandao2019niande74.8wanren。shiniangongzengtian25.8wan,cizhong2015nian《guowuyuanbangongtingduiyuzhouquanzengqianghegailiangxuexiaomeiyushimingdedingjian》xiafasinianlai,meiyujiaoyuanjiuzengtianle14.9wanren。dancongzibenshezhizhuangbeibaisheshangkan,meiyushizibuduiyiranqueejiaoda,zhuanzhimeiyujiaoyuansanbubupingheng,zengqiangshizibuduijianshe,yiranshixinqijianxuexiaomeiyushimingdezhongzhongzhizhong。zaizheifangmian,《dingjian》zhenduijinchaocunzaidetimucongsangefangmiantichuduoshaobanfa:

  yishiqianghuabuchong,zhenduixuexiaomeiyujiaoyuanbuchonglidubuqiangdetimu,《dingjian》mingbaiqingqiuweipeiqidediyumeiyinianyaohuachubiranbiliyongyuguyongmeiyujiaoyuan,youqiantidechusuonenggoujingyouguochengcaibanbanshitili,yuxiangganzhuanyejigoudengshehuiqilixiezuo,xiangzhongxiaoxuegongjimeiyujiaodaojiangshoubanshi,jianhuanshiziquefatimu。

  ershijinbupinzhi,zhenduiruanruoxuexiaomeiyujiaoyuanshumuquefa、pinzhibugaodetimu,《dingjian》qingqiugediyaozengqiangxiangcunshuxiaomeiyujiaoyuanpeiyu,tichubianceshixingyishujiaodaozhuanyedaxianshengzhijiaodasuan,zhankaimeiyujinrunbulvdasuan。zhouquanjinbumeiyujiaoyuansiweizhengzhibenzhi、jiangshoubenzhi、yurencainenghezhiyepindechengdu。

  sanshijiadagudongmianli,zhenduixuexiaomeiyujiaoyuangudongmianlizhengcebudaoweidetimu,《dingjian》mingbaitichuyouhuameiyujiaoyuangangtingbuju,tongshunmeiyujiaoyuandezhiyechengzhangtongdao。jiangmeiyujiaoyuanchengdangxuexiaozhipeideyishushetuanzhidian,kewaigoudang、kehoubanshipinjierjiangtangzhidianhezoujiaoshimingjirushimingliang。

  7. wen: 《dingjian》kuadayaojianguzhengheshehuiziben,taojiaozaizheifangmiantichulenaxieshizhao。

  da: xuexiaomeiyuchujixuexiao、shehuigegefangmian。lilunzhengshi,biancexuexiaomeiyudedingxinchengzhang,biyaojianguzhenghegefangziben,gouchengyimeiyurendexieli。《dingjian》jiadasangefangmiandejianguzhengxielidu:

  yishijianguzhenghejiaoyuanziben。tichuyouqiantidediyunenggoujingyouguochengcaibanbanshitili,yuxiangganzhuanyejigoudengshehuiqilixiezuo。gudongmianliyouyiwenyishimingzhedengrenshidaoxuexiaojianrenmeiyujiaoyuan。bianceshixingyishujiaodaozhuanyedaxianshengzhijiaodasuan。

  ershijianguzhenghejiangshouziben。tichubiancegenjidazhongwenmingbanshimingmuweixuexiaomeiyujiangshoubanshi。xinjianwenmingyishumingmuyouxianjianzaixuexiaohuoqizhoubian。gudongmianlixuexiaoyushehuidazhongwenmingyishuchangguan、wenyiyuantuanxiezuokaishemeiyukecheng。zhenghexiaonei、xiaowaizibenzhankaimeiyulilungoudang。

  sanshijianguzhenghechangguanziben。tichuyouqiantidechusuohexuexiaomeiyiniangouzaoxianshengxianchangguanshang1cimeishuguan、shufaguan、bowuguan。chongshifajuexuexiaoyishuchangguandeshehuibanshigongxiao,gudongmianliyouqiantidexuexiaojiangyishuchangguanxiangshehuiyouxukaifang。

  8.wen: xiayiburuohebaozheng《dingjian》defangzhen、shiminghebanfaluodaoshichu?

  da: 《dingjian》tichugediyaoyantaoluoshizengqianghegailiangxinqijianxuexiaomeiyushimingdexiangxibanfa,lianxixianshinidingshixingxuexiaomeiyujiaoyuanzhuangbeiheyuandidongxijianshesannianbulvdasuan。jiaodaobujiangbabiance《dingjian》luodiluoshi,zhouquanzengqianghegailiangxuexiaomeiyushimingzuoweicihouyiduanqijianneidezhongdianshiminglaizhua。

  yishiqianghuagouzaodailing。chusuogejidangweihedangjuyaobaxuexiaomeiyushimingguirushouyaoyishiricheng,guiruchusuojingjishehuichengzhangdasuan,zengqiangduibendiyuxuexiaomeiyudingxinchengzhangdezhengtijingying。gediyaojianquanjiangudiaohejizhi,diaojiyouhuajiaodaoshourubuju,wanmeitourujizhi,bianceluoshihaogexiangdingxinbanfa。

  ershixihuaguizhijianshe。yantaonidingbiaozhunxuexiaomeiyushimingdelvli,weibiancexuexiaomeiyuchengzhanggongjiwulifazhibaozheng。jianquanjiaodaodudaopingguguizhi,wanmeiguodushimingjiaodaomeiyupinzhijiance。zengqiangduichusuonidingshixingxuexiaomeiyudexiangganzhengcehedasuandezhidianhechengchi。

  sanshizengqiangxuanyangzhidao。jingyouguochengduozhongtilizengqiangzhengcejiedu,shishixuanyangbaodaogedizengqianggailiangxuexiaomeiyushimingdexiangxibanfa、dianfanjingli,ningjigongming,yingjianquanshehuipeihezengjinxuexiaomeiyuchengzhangdejiechushehuikongqi。


  政策原文: 中共中间办公厅 国务院办公厅印发《对于周全增强和改良新期间学校体育使命的定见》和《对于周全增强和改良新期间学校美育使命的定见》

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